Although a common skin condition prevalent in fair skin types, (Celtic or Northern European heredity), it can be found in dark skinned patients also. Though scientific research has as yet not proved this, surveys suggest that Rosacea may be inherited, and that ethnicity is a factor. Rosacea is not considered an infectious disease, and there is no evidence that it can be spread by contact or inhalation of airborne bacteria. It shows up as a flushed-looking skin on the cheeks, nose, or forehead. Some people have red or purple spider-web-like blood vessels visible just under the skin, and overactive large oil glands that have a bumpy yellow-orange, pearly appearance. Usually seen in people between the ages of 20 as well as 70, the exact cause of Rosacea is unknown.
The visible perpetual flush and noticeable blood vessels (Telangectasia) of Rosacea are caused by dilated blood vessels located just under the skin. Although these look like “broken” blood vessels, in fact they are not. Normally in any blushing of the skin, blood vessels dilate, bringing blood close to the surface. Then as they constrict, redness disappears. In Rosacea sufferers, these blood vessels do not constrict and a perpetual blush lingers.
Common Rosacea Triggers include:
- Sun exposure,
- Emotional stress,
- Hot or cold weather,
- Wind, alcohol,
- Spicy foods,
- Heavy exercise,
- Hot baths,
- Heated beverages,
- Certain skin-care products
- Allergen body reactions that involves flushing
To reduce symptoms, identify your flushing triggers and avoid them Physician observation notes that signs and symptoms tend to become increasingly severe without treatment. Since Rosacea tends to be progressive, and cannot right now be cured per se, it is better to bring it under control as soon as possible and minimize its appearance. Treatments for rosacea associated bumps, pimples and redness, vary substantially from one patient to another, and thus are tailored on individual case basis. Apart from IPL Laser and PDT therapy – for long term, prescriptive topical therapy is usually preferred rather than oral antibiotics, due to the higher risk of adverse reactions associated with extended use. Topical therapy is geared towards reducing inflammation associated with rosacea. Once medication has diminished redness, it is not uncommon for spider veins to become more noticeable but these can be removed using lasers and Surgical procedures to correct disfigurement of the nose.
Rosacea is a chronic disorder, rather than a short-term condition, and studies have shown that long term continued therapy results in less recurrence of symptoms. No medical evidence has linked Rosacea directly with skin cancer. However, Rosacea sufferer may be more likely to develop skin cancer later in life because their likely fair complexion is prone to injury from ultra-violet radiation from the sun.